spondylus | sharing archaeological resources for spondylus sp.


http://www.archaeomalacology.com/ by fotisif
July 4, 2012, 6:38 am
Filed under: websites

New URL for the ICAZICAZ Archaeomalacology Working Group: http://www.archaeomalacology.com

The Archaeo+Malacology Group Newsletter is now available in pdf format.



Aszod – Papi-foldek Spondylus Stable isotope study by fotisif
June 4, 2012, 6:32 am
Filed under: Spondylus studies

Aszód – Papi-földek késő neolitikus lelőhelyen feltárt kagylóékszerek származási helyének meghatározása stabilizotóp-geokémiai módszerrel [Stable isotope geochemical provenance study of shell ornaments from Aszód – Papi-földek] by Kalicz N. et al. Published in Környezet – Ember – Kultúra: A természettudományok és a régészet párbeszéde [Environment – Human – Culture: Dialogue between applied sciences and archaeology] (ed. A. Kreiter Attila, Á. Peto &  B. Tugya): 317-326. Budapest: Hungarian National Museum Centre for National Cultural Heritage (2012).

Abstract: Determination of the provenance of Spondylus objects is essential for the interpretation of Late Neolithic exchange systems and the social role of shell ornaments. Stable isotope analysis was performed on ornaments (beads, bracelets) excavated at Aszod – Papi-foldek archaeological site to defi ne the source of Spondylus shells. For comparison Spondylus artefacts from Neolithic sites of Greece, modern shells from the Aegean and the Adriatic Seas, as well as fossil Spondylus and Ostrea shells from the Carpathian Basin were analysed. Oxygen isotope composition of Spondylus artefacts from Aszod ranges between -1.9 and 2.1‰ and overlaps with the isotope range of artefacts from other Neolithic sites. Modern shells both from the Aegean and the Adriatic Seas show overlapping _18O values with the Neolithic objects, therefore the Spondylus shells at Aszod can have Aegean or Adriatic origin. Based on earlier strontium isotope analysis the use of fossil Spondylus shells was excluded, however, the notion of fossil shell use has recently been emerged again. The artefacts from Aszod and the fossil oyster shells exhibit overlapping oxygen isotope values, however, the Spondylus objects retained their original aragonite material and no diagenetic calcite was detected suggesting that the studied ornaments were made of recent shells. Crystalline aragonite stripes and calcitic parts observed in the artefacts are not related to fossilisation. Considerable number of limestone beads was found among Spondylus ornaments; according to stable isotope analysis they were made of non-marine limestone probably of local origin.

The entire volume (in Hungarian) is available here.



Spondylus bibliography by fotisif
March 6, 2012, 9:15 am
Filed under: bibliography

Spondylus bibliography updated: more than 140 entries plus links to full texts



Parts and Wholes by fotisif
October 20, 2011, 11:44 am
Filed under: Spondylus studies

The ‘Parts and Wholes’ project (J C Chapman, Bisserka Gaydarska, Southampton University) is concerned with the relationship between complete objects and their fragments.

One of the case studies is the fragmentation of the Spondylus shell rings from Varna and Durankulak cemeteries.



Archaeomalacology Revisited by fotisif
June 16, 2011, 7:09 am
Filed under: books

Archaeomalacology Revisited: Non-dietary use of molluscs in archaeological settings

edited by Canan Çakirlar

The past decade has witnessed a remarkable momentum in the advancement of archaeomalacological research but there is still a lot of room for progress. These ten papers are the second published proceedings of the archaeomalacology sessions organised by ICAZ (Mexico City, 2006). The contributions revisit important archaeological issues such as provenance of raw materials, dye production and the secondary uses of industrial shell waste, the role of shell artefacts in the symbolic world of diverse civilisations, technology and early cross-regional exchange networks. The papers testify to the merits of using state-of-the-art laboratory techniques to address archaeomalacological questions and demonstrate the interpretative value of integrating malacological expertise with experimental archaeology and detailed knowledge of archaeological context.

More info available from the publisher’s website



SPONDYLUS IN PREHISTORY by fotisif
April 3, 2011, 9:23 am
Filed under: books



Tell Kosharna Spondylus hoard by fotisif
March 18, 2011, 8:07 am
Filed under: publications

A hoard of flint tools and jewelry made from Spondylus shell found at Tell Kosharna is presented in the article Archaeology in Bulgaria, 2007-2009 by Ivo D. Cholakov & Krastyu Chulakev, published in the American Journal of Archaeology.